White Stag

This symbol of the White Stag has been cropping up for me again lately, and is one that has been with me a long time, so thought I would do a post on it. It is not specially about Deer as symbol, which is somewhat different (though related) and I will do a different post on that symbol (some time).

Before I started to research it I knew very little about it, in truth,  except for an innate knowing that the image of the White Stag feels powerful and pure. I have coincidentally images of the White Stag at home here, given as gifts,  and when I was looking for an image to ''hold'' on the site, the Cosmic Child resting full of trust against The White Deer summed up many subconscious or unconscious things for me, and I instantly was drawn to it. So, in this sense exploring its meaning is interesting for me.

The Sacred white deer, known to the ancient Celts as a White Hart. Guardian of the Otherworld. Also the name of many British Pubs

Deer, but White Deer in specific, have been considered by Celtic people to be messengers from the Otherworld. Cernunnos, the horned god, is associated with stags.


by Dr Anthony E. Smart
"The Horned One" is a Celtic god of fertility, life, animals, wealth, and the underworld. He was worshipped all over Gaul, and his cult spread into Britain as well. Cernunnos is depicted with the antlers of a stag, sometimes carries a purse filled with coin. The Horned God is born at the winter solstice, marries the goddess at Beltane, and dies at the summer solstice. He alternates with the goddess of the moon in ruling over life and death, continuing the cycle of death, rebirth and reincarnation.

Paleolithic cave paintings found in France that depict a stag standing upright or a man dressed in stag costume seem to indicate that Cernunnos' origins date to those times. Romans sometimes portrayed him with three cranes flying above his head. Known to the Druids as Hu Gadarn. God of the underworld and astral planes. The consort of the great goddess. He was often depicted holding a bag of money, or accompanied by a ram-headed serpent and a stag. Most notably is the famous Gundestrup cauldron discovered in Denmark.


Gundestrup Cauldron (Dated between 200 BC and 300 AD), found in Denmark

The White Stag is often associated with the Unicorn, although I'm sure there have been many more sightings of the Stag. :) Because the whiteness came from a medical condition it would have been rare and therefore have felt unusual for hunters who saw the White Stag. This would naturally have created traditions of taboo around harming it. I have met a stag in a forest once, an ordinary one, huge, full-antlered, and it is an awesome sight. Your breath just naturally becomes completely still and time feels dream-like. This animal at peace moves very differently than the kinds of movements modern human is used to ~ it is stately and slow and deliberate, absorbed, ethereal.

Because the White Stag has been elusive to hunters it has come to represent the Spiritual Quest. It draws the hunter on to ever new places.

 “As the hart pants after the fountains of water; so my soul pants after thee, O God.” (Ps 42:1) 

And though the Stag leads the hunter on a wondrous chase, the one who kills the White Stag is said to be cursed. There is a story, though I don't know how true it is, that Archduke Franz Ferdinand killed a White Stag a year before his assassination.(Ferdinand was an obsessive hunter whose own diary records a lifetime kill tally of over 250,000 animals!)

In King Arthur's legends he and his men found the magical Pellinore's Well  because they were in pursuit of a White Stag. In the Chronicles of Narnia, Aslan is supposed to have been the White Stag (transfigured) who led the children out of Narnia. He had been the first animal Lucy's brother had seen there too, drawing the Witches chariot. That White Stag could grant wishes to anyone able to catch them.

It is a symbol in almost every culture.

“This white one represents the sacredness of all living things and they should be left alone, never hunted or bothered.  When we see them, we should take notice of our own spirituality and think about where we are with it.”

From an Ojibway Story of the White Deer (Native American)

white stag

It is sometimes said to have the Sun or a Cross between its antlers or on its forehead ~ the White Stag has been considered a symbol of Christ. It is said that Christ appeared to the Roman soldier Eustace in the form of a White Stag.

Lord of the forest, masculine power of regeneration, giver of bounty, beauty and mystical signs, fights when cornered but prefers to run away. The antlers of the stag have long been a symbol of worship and are associated directly with the fertility of the God. The pagan Horned God in his many incarnations, often appears wearing a headdress of antlers or in some depictions, the horns grow directly from his head. In some Pagan paths, there is a correlation between the shape of a pair of horns and the crescent moon. The image of a stag with a full moon between his antlers represents both the male (the antlers) and the female (the Moon) aspects of the Divine.

~ http://spiritwalkministry.com/spirit_guides/land_animal_spirits

Indepth article on Stags and Deers mythology and symbolism here ~ http://www.druidry.org/library/animals/stags-and-deer

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    • God, what a beautiful looking place and those magical creatures

  • I was quite surprised to read of the reference to a "Horned Goddess"  and I most certainly have seen it depicted in various ways with diff animal horns that is, and stag horns...I just never knew she actually is called that! But, if there is a Horned God it stands to reason there is a Horned Goddess and you are really a Deer officianado with all your posts...very interesting and Reindeers are always popular to read about!

  • Interesting, I learned recently that the Deer is my Spirit animal.....I have always been around them since a child....will have to explore it more to make any assumptions...Blessed Be!

    • Yes, they are lovely animals, deer..we have them around the house here...sneaking along the lane sometimes, so swift to disappear   that I only ever catch a glimpse ...always is a surprise. There is so much to learn about Deer as totem/spirit animal. There is another interesting female deer goddess I  heard of recently - Elen of the Ways - it is an interesting topic to check out :)


  • The Female Deer ~ Mother Christmas

    An interesting article I came across about the feminine side of the season. Source - http://gathervictoria.com/2014/12/04/doe-a-deer-a-female-deer-the-s...

    (I include the article in full. Plus a comment afterwards to add second part of article which is more in depth.)

    BY Danielle Prohom Olson


    In the ancient northern religions it was the female horned reindeer who drew the sleigh of the mother or sun goddess at winter solstice. It was when we “Christianized” the pagan traditions of winter, that the white bearded man i.e. “Father Christmas” was born.

    Today he chariots Rudolph and his steed of flying reindeer across our mythical skies and we have forgotten that it was the” Deer Mother” (stronger and larger than the buck) who lead the herds.

    And it is her beloved image that adorns the Christmas cards and Yule decorations we are so familiar with today. Because, unlike the male who sheds his antlers in winter, it is the Deer Mother, who flies through winter’s longest darkest night with life-giving light of the sun in her horns.


    Image is from Art of Sekhmet

    Across the North, since the Neolithic, from the British Isles, Scandinavia, Russia, Siberia, the land bridge of the Bering Straights and into the Americas, the female reindeer was venerated as the ‘life-giving mother’. She was the facilitator of fertility, the anima of wild places, forests and mountains, the otherworldly steed of fairies and magical folk.


    2500 year old tattoo found on Siberian “Ice Princess”.

    Her horns adorned altars and the heads of shamanic priestesses and her image was etched in standing stones, woven into ceremonial cloth and clothing, cast in jewelry and painted on drums.

    1-Recently Updated37
    Rarely depicted running on land, the reindeer was seen leaping or flying through the air with neck outstretched and legs flung out fore and aft. Often carrying the cosmos, the sun, moon and stars in her horns, her antlers were the tree of life, depicting the lower, middle and upper worlds.


    Bronze figure of seated goddess holding a cornucopia and patera. Gallo-Roman, 1st C-3rd C

    The Deer Mother has also been visualized as a seated woman/goddess, wearing a horned headdress into which is woven the tree of life and the bird (emblematic of shamanic flight). This trio of symbols is often repeated in winter solstice imagery and Christmas folk art and is still with us – though we have clearly forgotten their original meaning.


    In Siberian legends the reindeer took flight each winter after ingesting the hallucinogenic Amanita Muscaria mushroom, the archetypal red toadstool with white spots. Shamans would join them on a vision quest, by taking the mushrooms themselves and then, climbing the tree of life they would take flight like a bird into other realms.

    There are theories that Santa’s costume derives from shamans in the Arctic regions who would dress in red suits with white spots, collect the mushrooms and then deliver them through chimneys as gifts on the winter solstice. Talk about a wild night.

    In Siberia, female shamans wore red and white costumes trimmed with fur, horned headdresses (or felt red hats!) and practiced the tradition of shamanic flight. And most likely it is their winter solstice celebration of the deer mother, that brought us the stories of flying horned reindeer who take to the sky on the longest night of the year.


    Rozhanitsa was an antlered winter goddess of the Ukraine and on her feast day (during winter solstice) red and white embroidery depicting her were displayed and small white cookies shaped like deer were given as good luck tokens. At on winter solstice (or just thereafter) Saule, the Lithuanian and Latvian goddess of light and the sun, flew across the heavens  in a sleigh pulled by horned reindeer and threw pebbles of amber (symbolizing the sun) into chimneys.

    So this solstice remember to look out from your warm cozy home into the cold of the darkening eve. Remember the forgotten winter goddesses of old and their magical reindeer. And on the sacred night when the sun is reborn, look for Mother Christmas waiting silently as a deer in the temple of nature, carrying a bird in her horns.


    • And the second part of the article now...which is longer, but also interesting... Danielle Prohom Olson continues....

      Right now the internet is awash with posts and articles examining the pagan and shamanic origins of Christmas. Much of the material emphasizes the masculine, i.e. investigating the pagan sources for Father Christmas. But what seems to be overlooked is the idea that there may have been a “Mother Christmas’ and a feminine source for yule traditions.

      For example, how many of us know that Christmas Eve was once known as “Mother’s-night”across the Anglo-Saxon world and was the occasion of much feasting and celebration? According to Yule: Rituals, Recipes & Lore for the Winter Solstice “The Venerable Bede, writing about the customs of the pagan Anglo Saxons who he was trying to convert in 6th century England, mentions their practice of celebrating a holiday he called Modranicht or Modresnacht on the eve of Christmas. This “night of the Mothers” was evidently a sacred night devoted to a group of feminine divinities, like those pictured on carvings and statues all over Celtic France and Britain which show three women together, holding children and fruit, fish, grain and other bounties of the earth.” 


      Who were these “Mothers”? And why were they so important to what has become known today as Christmas? Similarly erased from history are the female shamans of the northern peoples who may play an unacknowledged role in much of our modern Christmas iconography.

      There is a male-centric bias at work in many explorations of the early pagan traditions. There are a plethora of “alternative” articles observing the link between Santa’s red and white garb and the red and white amanita mushroom ingesting Siberian shaman- but they consistently refer to this shaman as “him”.  


      Little mention is made that this red and white ceremonial clothing was worn by the earliest shamans in the northern regions who were -and still are – female. In fact the leader of the Mongolian Reindeer People, according to this source,  is a 96-year-old shaman known as Tsuyan.


      And when it comes to the deer, well there is much talk of the stag, but little mention of what was once an important spiritual figure to our northern ancestors – the Deer Mother.  Many ancient “religions” or spiritual belief systems across the ancient world venerated nature – which was often perceived as a female principle or a goddess. That this goddess was often personified as a deer (or reindeer in northern climates) or as female shaman wearing antlers is well documented.

      Much historical scholarship has assumed that many of these horned images were male, and associated with the stag. But considering the evidence for a reindeer mother goddess cult dating from the prehistoric (when the earth was much colder and reindeer more widespread) many scholars now suggest that some of these images may be women and that the stags may be in fact, female reindeer.


      Lead Plaque of Horned God (or Goddess?) found in Chesters, Northumberland. Miranda Green. 

      In Miranda Green’s book Symbol and Image in Celtic Religious Art she states, “animal symbolism associated with goddesses reaches it apogee with horned female images, usually adorned with antlers.  Green makes the point that while the antlered god Cernunnos is well known in eastern Gaul (and is revered in many pagan circles today) there were also feminine counterparts found in at many sites such as  Clearmont-Ferrand  (Puy de Dome) and at Besancon (Doubs).


      These bronze antlered goddesses were also depicted sitting crosslegged with symbols of cornucopia” – another well known female associated symbol of fertility – i.e. the “horn” of plenty. 

      Esther Jacobson complied the deer iconography of the early nomads of South Siberia and northern Central Asia. Her book The Deer Goddess Of Ancient Siberia: A Study In The Ecology Of Belief traces the image of the deer from rock carvings, paintings, and monolithic stelae from the Neolithic period down through the early Iron Age.  And her study demonstrates that this is primarily a deer goddess “religion “revolving around female wise woman and the deer mother herself, the antlered doe. 


      Reindeer Stones or Stele. Image source Wikipedia.

      The deer goddess was known across northern Europe. From The Deer-Cult and the Deer-Goddess Cult of the Ancient Caledonians  by J.G. McKay “There are an immense number of traditions, references, notices of customs, and various minor matters, which show conclusively that there formerly existed in the Highlands of Scotland two cults, probably pre-Celtic, a deer-cult and a deer-goddess cult. The latter cult was administered by women only…”


      Antlered female shaman (believed to be Nishan from NE Asia)

      The book The Golden Deer of Eurasia published by the Metropolitan Museum of Art, is a wonderful visual exploration of the sacred significance of the female deer and reindeer in the shamanic traditions – which “was understood as essentially female” and associated with the tree of life, fertility, motherhood  birth and the rebirth of the sun (the theme of winter solstice!)

      According to this lovely article “Reindeer and the Sun are very common association in Siberian shamanism. Tattoos on buried shaman women also contain deer tattoos, featuring antlers embellished with small birds’ heads, and since the goddess cultures of female shaman is most associated with deer, serpent and birds, it is right that these deer stones were the sacred ritual grounds of women. This reindeer-sun-bird imagery can symbolize the female shaman’s soul transformation from human to deer, from earth of the middle world to higher gates of the middle world and even the lower world.”


      Mesolithic female shaman of Bad Dürrenberg, 7000-6500 bce, with reconstructed regalia from animal bones, horns, teeth, and shells. From a wonderful color-illustrated pdf of “Archaeological Finds from Germany”

      Mary B. Kelly in her book “Goddess Women Cloth : A World Wide Tradition of Making and Using Ri...” and Goddess Embroideries of Eastern Europe provides an exhaustive, in-depth look at the ritual motifs of ceremonial weavings. From women’s tapestries in Scandinavia to the red felt headdresses worn by the shamanic priestesses of the Altai in Siberia , to a burial ship found near Oslo in Norway laden with tapestries featuring antlered female figures wearing wearing red clothing,  antlered female goddesses are a common motif – as are figures of the reindeer and deer.


      Image: Mary B. Kelly

      She writes, “Winter embroideries were made to honour the feast of Rohanitsa, the Mother Goddess, held in late December. These cloths depict [her] together with her daughter goddess, or with children who may or may not be divine….[She] was often shown with deer horns sprouting from her head or headdress….The horns are a sign that–as tales and rock carvings confirm–in ancient times the Mother Goddess gave birth to deer as well as children. For her feast, small, white-iced cookies shaped like deer were given as presents or good luck tokens.”

      This fascinating article describes the ancient traditional clothing worn by “Medicine Women Healers” in Siberia and what once known as Lapland, which was often red, green and white with fur lining and trim. “The red peaked, felted hats and curled-toe boots and warm mittens of reindeer-hide complete, what I believe to be, the feminine origins of perhaps the first of a very long line of Santa Claus replications. Their long lineage of connection with the induction of spiritual journeys through the drum, their relationship of healing with “Reindeer-Magic” and their ability to create potions and salves which could incite ecstatic visions or “Shamanic Journeys,” give us a deeper look at the Solstice and contemporary Christmas symbol. These priestesses-of-the-antlered-ones who flew through the night to gather blessings and healing and then distributed these gifts to their tribe members must surely be considered as proto-typical Fore-Mothers of Santa.”

      deer antlered hat

      Horned Kichko, originally an ancient russian shaman females sacred hat, the bigger the horns, the elder the woman,

      There is also great wealth of sacred and magical imagery surrounding the female reindeer and deer in Celtic mythology which often feature tales of white hinds (doe) which are associated with the goddess (who often gives birth to a sun child in the form of a white hind). Fairytales tell us she was ridden by the Snow Queen and peoples of the fairy world.



      The image of a deer with a light between its horns may be popularly accredited to the vision of Saint Hubertus, a 7th century Christian and patron saint of hunters – but according to the Order of Bards, Ovates & Druids this image can also be found in Hungary, Mongolia, Russian Steppes and China,  where the symbol of the cosmos and the mother of the sun was symbolized as a large horned female doe “carrying the sun in her horns.” 

      And at this site discussing the antlered doe in Hungarian paganism there is reference to an old Christmas ballad which words are as follows: “Oh wondrous headed doe, with horns of a thousand branches and knobs. Thousand branches and knobs and of a thousand bright candles .
      Amongst its horns it carries the light of the blessed sun…”


      source unknown

      And while Wikipedia cannot always be considered a credible source it states thatBeaivi is the Sami name for the Sun “who is mostly depicted as female” and “is associated with fertility of plants and animals and in particular reindeer.”

      “At Winter solstice a white female reindeer was sacrificed in honour of Beivve, to ensure that she returned to the world and put an end to the long winter season. At the time of the year when the Sun was returning, butter (which melts in the sunshine) was smeared on the doorposts, as a sacrifice to Beivve, so that she could gain strength during her convalescence and go higher and higher in the sky…Beivve was often accompanied by her daughter, Beaivi-nieida (the sun maiden) in an enclosure of reindeer antlers.”

      Beivve was believed to bring the sun and fertility back to the land, making plants grow, so that the reindeer flourished and reproduced, and in this way she also brought wealth and prosperity to her people.


      Sami Reindeer Woman

      So based on these sources (and I could go on!) it seems quite certain that there once an ancient deer mother goddess associated with the sun at winter solstice. It seems safe to assume that the reindeer pulling a flying sleigh at solstice or yule were female, and these reindeer were associated with northern mother or sun goddesses who dispensed good cheer and blessings (as in Saule who took to the sky in her sleigh led by a herd of reindeer).

      It also seems likely that northern female shamans wearing antlered headdresses took to shamanic flight on the longest, darkest night of the year, and that they believed it was the Deer Mother who gave birth to the new sun and carried the life-giving light of the new year in her horns. 

      Today some of our most beloved modern Christmas iconography features antlered “stags”. Why does this image still speak so strongly to us? Could it be that they evoke an ancient memory? Are we remembering the long forgotten mother of winter solstice? I like to think so. deermothertreeoflife

      •  In Sumerian and Semitic iconography horns are a general sign of divinity, worn by Anu, Adad, Asshur and Bel, as well as other gods and goddesses; Moses is said to have descended from Mt. Sinai with horns (Heb. karan) on his head, as we see in Michelangelo's statue. The horn is bisexual: on the one hand phallic and penetrating, on the other, hollow and receptive, as Jung explains.


        There is more to it than just symbolic about Stags , if you allow me to "high Jack " your thread for a bit :)

        what will follow may or will sound out of your world , but as  a seeker nothing is taboo :)


        § Float on - The Floaters §


        Andy Letcher! Writing on his blog, Letcher tells how a chance meeting with a reindeer herder, who had herds in both Britain and Scandinavia, led to a surprising outcome. Without being prompted on the question of reindeer urine being drunk by shamans, the herder told Letcher the following story:

        Once, while living amongst the Saami, his hosts started feeding reindeer with fly-agarics, which the deer consumed with some relish. Waiting for nature to take its course, the fruits of micturition were collected in a bucket (strapped to the animals' flanks perhaps?), boiled up in a pot (I'm guessing to concentrate the brew or perhaps to make it more potable) and shared round.

        "I don't drink and I've never taken any drugs" he told me. "But I took some when they passed it round. Well, you have to, don't you? They expect it. Anyway, I was high as a kite I was, high as a kite. There was an old eighty year old grandmother with us, and I fancied her, that's how high I was. High as a bloody kite!"

        The German name of the deer Hirsch could be explained by the combination of Herr root "Lord, Lord, 'and Sch radical--- Sch radical meaning "to shine, show, make it look" (scheinen "shine, shine, illuminate, radiate"; Schauer "seer, prophet, contemplative, expert"

        _Har eM____ c Har M ___ Har aMis ( hermes ) ___ Her eM (priestly gift)


        And if you're wondering why shamans would choose to drink Fly Agaric-containing urine (both reindeer, and human), rather than eat the mushrooms raw, Paul Devereux's wonderful book The Long Trip: A Prehistory of Psychedelia (Amazon US and Amazon UK) may provide at least one possibility:

        Filip Johann von Strahlenberg, a Swedish prisoner of war in the early eighteenth century, reported seeing Koryak tribespeople waiting outside huts where mushroom sessions were taking place, waiting for people to come out and urinate. When they did, the warm, steaming tawny-gold nectar was collected in wooden bowls and greedily gulped down. The Amanita muscaria effect could apparently be recycled up to five times in this manner, and, remarkably, was less likely to cause the vomiting often associated with the direct ingestion of the mushroom itself.


        Uranus (mythology) Etymology

        The most probable etymology traces the name to a Proto-Greek form *worsanós (Ϝορσανός)[5] enlarged from *ṷorsó- (also found in Greek ouréō ‘to urinate’, Sanskrit varṣá ‘rain’, Hittite ṷarša- ‘fog, mist’).[6] The basic Indo-European root is *ṷérs- ‘to rain, moisten’ (also found in Greek eérsē ‘dew’, Sanskrit várṣati ‘to rain’, Avestan aiβi.varəšta ‘it rained on’), making Ouranos the ‘rainmaker’.[6] A less likely etymology is a derivative with meaning ‘the one standing on high’ from PIE *ṷérso- (cf. Sanskrit várṣman ‘height, top’, Lithuanian viršùs ‘upper, highest seat’, Russian verx ‘height, top’). Georges Dumézil’s equation[7] of Ouranos’ name with that of the Vedic deity Váruṇa (Mitanni Aruna), god of the sky and waters, is etymologically untenable

        how-to-monetize-your-wine-blog-seriously-L-wQ7mVL.jpeg?width=203§ Sunshine- Enchantment §

         There are two other Fluids that were considered sacred by many ancient Civilizations , and that are affected by what you ingest ... before HieroGamos Occurs

        The story of Copper Woman and Snot Boy


        They’re Alive! Megalithic Sites Are More than Just Stone



        § Marvin Gaye - Sexual Healing (lyrics) §

         Suck Like an Egyptian" — The Holy Grail of the Christian "Eucharist” is Founded on Ancient Semen-drinking Rites

        “In very ancient times, sexuality and divinity were seen as inseparable aspects of the ever-begetting Universe; sexual rites were an attempt to harness the generative powers of creation, as well as a celebration of the mysteries of life and rebirth. That the Church saw fit to preserve the essential elements of the sexual mythos, while prudishly hiding their meaning, indicates that the Church recognized the mystic potency of the ancient rites.”

        • Song of Songs 8:6  Scripturally, the Song of Songs is unique in its celebration of sexual love.[2] It gives "the voices of two lovers, praising each other, yearning for each other, proffering invitations to enjoy".[3] The two are in harmony, each desiring the other and rejoicing in sexual intimacy; the women (or "daughters") of Jerusalem form a chorus to the lovers, functioning as an audience whose participation in the lovers' erotic encounters facilitates the participation of the reader.... Song of Sol O Mon 8:6 Literally A flame of YAH (a poetic form of YHWH, the Lord)

        Sexual Mysticism in Christianity, Michael Clair, 2009

        In the following excerpt from the 1906 publication, Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica, “The Eucharist,” (citing an earlier work, dated 1873, and the far-earlier testimony of St. Epiphane [4th century] ), semen is shown as having been ritually consumed in ‘Agape Feasts’ [Love Feasts] (the original ceremonies of the earliest Christian sects wherein “…many of the rituals involved the anointing and swallowing of this sacred substance [semen], an orgiastic ritual that had been the bane of the Old Testament prophets a thousand years before …”

        An international team of scientists led by Gregg Adams at the University of Saskatchewan has discovered that a protein in semen acts on the female brain to prompt ovulation, and is the same molecule that regulates the growth, maintenance, and survival of nerve cells

        … the “holy kiss”(Romans 16:16), or “kiss of Love”(1 Peter 5:14) which is suggested as a means of greeting. But, as the “kiss”, in the case of The Gospel of Philip is related to “conception” and “giving birth”, it could conceivably be a reference to the kissing of the genitals the Gnostic method of ritually collecting semen, and menses (i.e.-fellatio and cunnilingus), as both of these bodily-fluids were clearly Christian sacraments from the faiths earliest beginnings . “Fellatio was… used, according to Epiphanius… as a ritual technique among a number of Gnostic sects.

        The Encyclopedia of Erotic Wisdom by Rufus Camphausen, 1991.

        The Yellow Emperor of China (c. 2697-2598 B.C.) practiced the feedback of his own reproductive cells for therapeutic purposes (See: A. Ishihara & H. S. Levy, The Tao of Sex, Harper & Row, New York, 1970). In the “Sacred Marriage” material, the female participant is always called Inanna (Sefati 1998:305), so her human identity is obscured.  That is not surprising, for I suspect that, during the ritual, the only female present was Inanna. What I am suggesting is that the Nin.Dindir/entu was a medium. Through talent and training, she went into a trance and allowed Inanna to take over her body. Then the goddess could actually be present during the ritual. To a greater or lesser degree, the king could similarly have embodied the god Dumuzi.

        A Medium is “… a social functionary whose body only, the person’s awareness suppressed while in an ecstatic state, serves as a means for spirits to assist and/or communicate with members of the medium’s group in a positive manner” (Paper 1995:87). The “witch of Endor” in the Hebrew Bible (I Samuel 28:7-25) was likely a medium, and other ancient examples include the oracular priestesses through whom Apollo spoke at Delphi and the Maenad devotees of Dionysus (Kraemer 1989:49). Today mediums function in many religions: for instance, Chinese, Korean, African, and African-Christian of the Americas (Paper 1997:95, 104-107, 222-226,303; Sered 1994: 181-193). Interestingly, the majority of contemporary mediums are female (Paper 1997:95).

        § Shivaree - The Snake §


        Ancient Mesopotamia, like most other cultures, had its prophets and seers (Westenholz 2004:295). A number of them probably worked through trance. Indeed, “… ecstatic religious functionaries, that is, those whose religious functioning involves trance, are virtually ubiquitous in human cultures.” So it would not surprise me to discover that the Inanna of the “Sacred Marriage” rite was actually properly named, for the goddess was using the body of a willing and devout ecstatic and priestess, who was certainly not a “cult prostitute.” On the contrary, she would have had extremely high status and have been deeply revered, for she was chosen of the goddess. Finally, then, the identity of the human female participant in the ritual is irrelevant. She was Inanna!

        One of the most interesting experiences of my life. Sex on DMT.


        Functions of oxytocin:  plays some role in orgasms -- for both males and females. In males, oxytocin is said to facilitate sperm transport in ejaculation

        Tragically,” says one contemporary scholar, “scholarship suffered from scholars being unable to imagine any cultic role for women in antiquity that did not involve sexual intercourse” (Gruber 1986:138). However, recent scholars are fast setting the record straight. Even if ancient priestesses were involved in ritual sex, even if they received offerings for their temples, they were not prostitutes but devotees worshipping their deity. “Sacred Prostitutes,” Jophanna Stuckey,  Matrifocus: Cross-Quarterly for the Goddess Women, 2005, vol. 5-1


        Old godesses such as ANath fertilized themselves with the blood of men and bulls, Cybele is noted for her castrations and the ancient myth of human origin is from clay and menstrual blood.

        * An ounce of semen is considered to be equal in value to sixty ounces of blood

        § Les Edits du GoLem - Pyramide §


          • Dagon in Hebrew is spelled: Daleth, Gimel, Vav and Nun = DAG + ON. Dagon = DAG + AUN = D AG ON means the might of the fish (human sperm). Dagon is the Nun-Force, the might of the human seed. Fish symbolize the yielding fruits of the sexual strength where the qualities of the Mind Soul and Spirit are placed, and the excellence of the power of Binah, the Holy Spirit.


          A conjectured colored engraving of Dagon, the "fish-god."  Dagan is called ti-lu ma-tim, "dew of the land" and Be-ka-na-na....  It is perhaps related   to Arabic dagn ('rain-(cloud)'.

          Og  ( D og on )

          • Old Irish Etymology From Proto-Celtic *āwyom, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm.
          • Noun[edit] og n, m, f ‎(genitive ugae, nominative plural ugae) egg (anatomy) testicle

          ....  D og on Tribe - The NoMMos are also referred to as “Masters of the Water”, “the Monitors”, and "the Teachers”.... Sumerian : NINAZU - Lord Knowing the Waters ( ZuN-Noon )

          § Terence Trent D'Arby - Rain §


        • Haha ''High Jack!'' - there's no such thing :D . The added material looks very interesting ,M. I will be back later when i have  sufficient time and fresh attention and have a proper gawk. Thank you

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